EL BURGO DE OSMA:
GASTRONOMY, HISTORY, CULTURE AND THERMAL SPRINGS
Burgo de Osma, in the province of Soria, is one of the most beautiful towns, declared Tourist Town, an urban space with extraordinary corners. Its Castilian gastronomy, its cathedral, its wall, its bishop’s palace and its medieval arcades; this is a combination worth to know.
Tiermes archeological site, in Montejo de Tiermes, stands out among the diversity of the archaeological remains in the Iberian Peninsula. Around the middle of 1930, Blas Taracena, the Spanish archaeologist, organized systematic excavations in the place and called Tiermes “the Spanish Pompeii”.
The cathedral makes a beautiful combination with the square named after it. Some small chapels from the romantic area have been preserved. The main façade is flanked by a tower that starts with a gothic style in its construction and ends with a baroque style. The interior preserves works of great value and beauty such as the altarpiece by Juan de Juní. The cloister, of flamboyant gothic style, is really beautiful. Attached to it is the chapterhouse with a square structure. A treasure of funeral art is inside of it: San Pedro de Osma’s grave, in sculpted and polychrome limestone. This temple has the Beatus of Liébana, a wonderful book with Romanesque-Mozarabic miniatures.
Nature and history follow one another in this land. A good example is the locality of Calatañazor where, next to the place where Almanzor was defeated, is the most dense and impressive juniper woodland in Europe and a place full of mystery and charm, La Fuentona. La Fuentona of Muriel de la Fuente is the spring where the river Abión begins to flow. This is, without a doubt, one of the most bucolic places in the province, formed by the emergence of water that, after flowing through underground passages, springs up between rocks. This space was declared Natural Monument by the Castile and Leon Council. On the way to Calatañazor, the old meadow of this town is today a protected wood. The Juniper Woodland of Calatañazor has junipers with more than three metres of perimeter and centuries of history. It is usual to find juniper’s wood in the traditional architecture of the area, but here it is alive and in all its splendour. And Calatañazor, where Julián Marías placed his “journey to the year 1000”. And the thing is that among the walls, the castle, the towers and the battlements, it seems we can still hear the arms that defeated Almanzor in the year 1002, in the water meadows that the locals still call the “Field of Blood”.
The Thermal Hotel Burgo de Osma is located in the southwest of the province of Soria, in the town Burgo de Osma, declared Tourist Town and a Historical-Artistic Combination. The Thermal Hotel Burgo de Osma is built on the Renaissance University of St. Catherine, founded in the 16th century by bishop Pedro Álvarez de Acosta.
In the wonderful plateresque entrance door of the building, the image of Saint Catherine stands out on the lintel, in honour of those who built this University which was the venue for the faculties of Theology, Philosophy, Law and Medicine, finishing its university services in the academic year 1840-41 due to the Independence War. In its subsoil, people looked for curative water and they found our excellent oligomineral, calcium bicarbonate, hypothermal and medium mineralization waters, making the prestigious University of St. Catherine the first Thermal Hotel in the province of Soria.