Plus ultra, what is common and typical of religious silverware in New Spain and Partitions and castes, profane painting in New Spain are the two exhibitions that Casa de México in Spain is opening today until 14 February 2021, when it celebrates its second anniversary.
In the first of these, we can see how with the discovery of America and the consequent Spanish expansion, the motto Plus ultra will designate these new territories, where New Spain, today Mexico, became another homeland for many Spanish emigrants. Grateful for their achievements, the immigrants returned to their homes, as well as to other places, with rich silver objects, most of which were used for worship in their churches. Scattered throughout Spain, a large number of these sumptuous pieces are preserved, whose disparate studies have discovered them for history and art as a shared heritage between Mexico and Spain. For its part, the exhibition Partitions and castes, profane painting of New Spain offers a selection of works that bring to the public some of the visual strategies developed by the painters of Mexico City between the 17th and 18th centuries, applied to the representation of profane matters. The painting of history and mythology, views of cities, saraos and caste painting are much less frequent themes in the production of this school of painting, which is generally related to representations dedicated to sacred history, saints and other aspects of Christian doctrine, and whose great enterprises were destined to the painting of altarpieces or the ornamentation of temples and convents, in order to provide believers with a way to imagine the transcendent through painting.