Professor of Law at the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid
I will now make a brief analysis and considerations in relation to the brilliant speech of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev made today, 23 September, during the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly.
I will first focus on the importance of the initiative to adopt the UN Convention on the Rights of Youth. This is a topic that is of great interest to me both because of the spirit of the initiative and because of my professional activity. Listening to the speech of Mr. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, I realized that it is necessary to share the thoughts on the conceptual approach of the President of Uzbekistan to the most current and crucial international problems, as well as his proposals to address them, because they are closely linked.
In this respect, being a person who sincerely loves Uzbekistan, and who has visited the Republic many times, I would like to share some of the initiatives of the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan:
People first: Uzbekistan has put people at the centre of all its policies and reforms. Gender equality policies have been carried out by increasing the role of women in public administration. Also, the number of women deputies doubled in the last elections; the human rights situation has changed and improved significantly. The National Strategy on Human Rights has been adopted and the Public Chamber of the Republic of Uzbekistan has been established. We see this progress in the field of human rights also, for example, in the case of the elimination of forced labour and child labour by implementing the recommendations of the International Labour Organization (ILO), as well as the fight against human trafficking, strengthening the legal foundations, combating one of the most important types of transnational organized crime; Uzbekistan has acceded to the most important UN documents in this field and has become a member of the International Organization for Migration. In addition, a modern rehabilitation centre has been opened in Tashkent for the assistance and protection of victims of human trafficking. On 30 July 2019, on the World Day against Human Trafficking, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, signed the Decree: “On additional measures to further improve the system of combating human trafficking and forced labour”. In the same vein, the Parliament of the Republic of Uzbekistan has adopted a Law on “Strengthening measures to protect the rights of citizens in the field of labour relations in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan and international labour standards”. In addition, Uzbekistan has actively implemented the recommendations of the United Nations Human Rights Council Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review.
In general, Uzbekistan, which seeks to become a member of the UN Human Rights Council for the period 2021-2023, is taking consistent and comprehensive steps to fulfil its international human rights obligations, including ensuring equality between men and women. In this regard, I can safely say that Uzbekistan and its leader, Mr. Mirziyoyev, are role models for the rest of the developing world, which is seeking the rule of law and universal human rights.
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