Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio (1562-1635) was one of the most important poets and playwrights of the Spanish Golden Age and, due to the extent of his work, one of the most prolific authors of universal literature. Some 3,000 sonnets, three novels, four short stories, nine epics, three didactic poems and several hundred comedies are attributed to him. Lope de Vega’s life was extremely hectic and full of love affairs.
Fuenteovejuna is a small town that is under the control of the town’s Commander, Fernán Gómez de Gúzman, who does not respect the laws and abuses his power, betraying feudal principles and behaving like a tyrant, a cruel man without scruples who, besides, if he did not manage to seduce the women, he took them by force. Pastors and farmers suffer the injustices of feudal power. The plot takes place in the village of Fuente Obejuna in Cordoba during the time of the Catholic Monarchs (1474-1516). The drama is presented with a collective protagonist (the inhabitants of the village). As with many of Shakespeare’s dramas, Lope’s Fuenteovejuna has achieved the status of symbol, that of the iconographic-theatrical prototype of the town’s union against oppression and outrage.