Sudan is Sudan.
Sudan is not Algeria. The causes that have led to the demonstration are different in both countries. In Algeria the catalyst has been the feeling of humiliation for a possible sixth term of a non-existent president. In Sudan it has been for economic reasons. They are common features in different contexts.
Sudan is not Libya. In Libya the chaos dates back to the fall of Gaddafi. The town, unfortunately, is the victim in a battle in which it plays no role. Libya is a battle of foreign authorities and powers.
Sudan is not Egypt. In Egypt there is greater control and power of the Armed Forces and less independence of the judiciary. Egypt and Sudan have the Nile in Common. A river that instead of connecting and uniting, separates and destroys.
Sudan is Sudan. Africa is a battle in which all countries, neighbours or not, have their own side and fight for their interest. An Africa forgotten by many as far as humanity is concerned, but dear and taken advantage of by many others, when it comes to oil and resources.
What was Sudan like before Al Bashir arrived? In 1990, 85% of the population lived in poverty, none of the previous parties had made improvements, and the country was bleeding slowly due to the conflict with the South.
Born in Sudan in 1944, Al Bashir acceded to command by a military coup in 1989 that overthrew Sadiq Al Mahdi. He began his term with open and tolerant measures. And he undertook to suppress the application of Islamic law to non-Muslims.
In 2003, the war broke out in Darfour. A group of citizens of western Sudan attacked a military base which produced the wrath of Al Bashir who answered with bombers that left thousands dead. This crime made Bashir become the first head of state in charge over which weighs a order of the international court of the court of The Hague.
In 2011 the independence of South Sudan was signed. Al Bashir saw that much of the oil – up to 85 percent – remained in the south. This made it necessary to approach Saudi Arabia, which invested more than 11,000 million euros in 2016 and took over 404,685 hectares of farmland that will be able to be exploited in 99 years.
Sudan, in turn, has had to participate militarily in the war in Yemen.
On December 19, hundreds of protesters came out to show their dissatisfaction with the country’s economic malaise. Opposition political groups joined the demonstrations and called for the resignation of the president.
The people overthrew, with the help of the military, Omar Al Bashir. Defense Minister Awad Ibn Ouf was appointed to head the Transitional Military Council but resigned the next day. Abdel Fattah Al Burhan Abderrahman took over the succession and committed to a full alignment with the demands of the Sudanese people.
The first complexity of the current scene are the opposition parties. Those who organize the continuous demonstrations in the capital are precisely these parties. Is the Sudanese people a puppet of the opposition party so that the latter come to power? Hopefully not.
The transitional military council has as its main challenge to reach an agreement with the opposition party. Negotiations have begun, but no results have been achieved.
The Sudanese people need time to assimilate the changes that are taking place. He needs time to realize that they have power.
The Sudanese people remain in the streets despite the overthrow of the president.
They still are not satisfied. Some point out that opposition parties are taking advantage of the revolutionaries’ discontent to get to power. Others think that it is a false independent military coup that does not respond to the demands of the people. The people have lost confidence in the top brass, they are confused, they do not know what they want and they dream of a new Sudan: the old Sudan.
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