Antonio Gramsci, founder of Italian Communist Party.
Miguel Cifuentes. Madrid
Pablo Iglesias, Secretary-General of Podemos, reveals his true colours, openly declaring himself to be Marxist and follower of Antonio Gramsci. The confession is particularly relevant as Gramsci founded the Italian Communist Party and the Eurocommunist ideology.
The Podemos leader made this confession in passing, in a long interview in the digital newspapers Publico and Critic, in which he spoke of the Unidad Popular candidates and the Catalan independence movement. Although he let drop this confession, with his usual impenetrability, he avoided giving any further details of his communist ideology.
Over the last year, in forums and interviews, numerous journalists have attempted to get him to admit being a Communist, something Iglesias always avoided with his habitual smile or wriggled out of saying, “This is over and done with, the discussion is no longer about left and right wing but about those above and the people, those below”.
As he acknowledged, in passing, at the end of the interview,“ I consider myself a Marxist. Let us say that behind the theoretical implications and those of communication of Podemos, there is a very specific interpretation of Gramsci”. Throughout the interview, on repeated occasions, he acknowledged his left wing tendencies, both culturally and emotionally, but he insisted that he did not the share the liturgy (singing the Internacionale, raised fists, red flags and stars), but they are like leftover clothes, although he says he still becomes excited by the Communist symbolism. In fact, he advises his ex-companions in the Izquierda Unida that “they keep to the red flag”, that he is focussing on winning votes and becoming a centralist party that collects votes from all sides.
The Podemos leader reveals his ideology and tells IU to stick to their “red flag” because he wants to win
Having adopted Gramsci as his inspiration, Iglesias would have subscribed to the tactical strategies of the Italian philosopher and politician, father of Eurocommunism. This doctrine is that of the two European Communist parties in the seventies in the twentieth century. Their basic philosophy was to accept the democratic multiparty system instead of seeking violent revolution. Communists should work to access power via the urns, by alliances with bourgeois force in order to implant socialism.
This heretical about turn, adopted by the European Communist parties, in Italy led by Enrico Berlinguer; in France led by Georges Marchais, and in Spain headed by Santiago Carrillo, did not triumph in any of them.The Italian Communist Party no longer exists, nowadays it is the Italian Democratic Party; the French Communist Party is residual, and the same thing occurs with the Spanish Communist Party, diluted and lost in the dying embers of the present day Izquierd Unida.
The confession by Iglesias is not irrelevant. It has not fallen on deaf ears either. For many political analysts and observers Gramsci is the most lucid example of the essentials tactics to take advantage of the democratic system and to approach to the European middle classes, born into the capitalist system, with the goal of getting power. Gramsci elaborated the theory of the hegemonic force of the left, based on its moral and cultural superiority, to win over the right, utilising the school and the media to “convince” and “indoctrinate” society of the benevolence of communist socialism. According to the Italian Communist politician “the votes would be the mature fruit of the indoctrination” and, once convinced, people would vote and give power to the communists.
Iglesias, faithful reader of Gramsci would be following the founder of Italian communism to the letter. This explains the meticulous care in the interview (do not startle the middle class if you want their votes) and on selling the moral superiority of Podemos, its party facing the “caste” of the old parties -PP and PSOE- that act as an oligarchy and as the oppressors of the masses, and the rancid left, useless and bourgeois, like Izquierda Unida.
His declarations are doing the rounds of the Internet and social networks as it deals with the “discovery of an inkling to his true radical ideology”, that is wreathed in smiles and circumlocutions in his public appearances. For Iglesias to be acknowledging himself as a Communist would be a very serious handicap for many sectors of the muddle classes, his potential voters.