The King with the ambassador of Malaysia, at his last Credentials ceremony, last April. / Picture: A. R.
The Diplomat. Madrid
The announcement of King Juan Carlos’ abdication today means his is the sixth longest reign in the history of the Spanish Monarchy, at exactly 39 years and 192 days.
The monarch began his reign on 22 November 1975, two days after the death of general Franco and it concludes formally, today, 2 June, 2014, although there still needs to be a parliamentary process which will make the abdication official, with the approval of a substantive law.
These are the eight monarchs that have been on the Spanish throne the longest: Philip V, for 46 years (1700-1746), Alfonso XIII for 45 years (1886-1931), Philip IV for 44 years (1621-1665), Philip II for 42 years (1556-1598), Charles I with 39 years and 308 days (14 March 1516- 16 January 1556), the aforementioned Juan Carlos I for 39 years and 192 days, Isabel II for 35 years (1833-1868) and Charles II for 35 years (1665-1700).
Philip V, the first of the House of Bourbon, was the king that remained the longest on the throne: 46 years
In the case of Philip V and Alfonso XIII two specifications need to be made. The first of the Bourbons to rule Spain abdicated in 1724 in favour of his son, Louis I, who reigned for six months until his premature death. His father then returned to the throne until 1746. On the other hand, the first 16 years of the reign of the grandfather of Juan Carlos I, took place under the regency of his mother, Maria Christina of Habsburg-Lorraine.