Poland’s National Day
The Constitution of May 3, 1791, approved that day by the Polish-Lithuanian confederation as “Government Act”, is recognized as the first constitution in Europe and second worldwide, after the United States’. It Introduced political equality between the people and the nobility and peasants were put under government protection.
Its Approval caused the War in Defense of the Constitution, first with Prussia and then with Russia.
This Constitution remained the reference to restore the country’s sovereignty after the disappearance of the Republic of Poland in 1795. Poland regained the Constitution and its sovereignty after World War I, in November 1918.