Poland’s National Day
The Constitution of May 3, 1791, approved that day by the Polish-Lithuanian confederation as “Government Act”, is recognized as the first constitution in Europe and second worldwide, after the United States’. It Introduced political equality between the people and the nobility and peasants were put under government protection.
Its Approval caused the War in Defense of the Constitution, first with Prussia and then with Russia.
This Constitution remained the reference to restore the country’s sovereignty after the disappearance of the Republic of Poland in 1795. Poland regained the Constitution and its sovereignty after World War I, in November 1918.
Europe Day celebrates peace and unity of the European continent. The date is the anniversary of the historic Schuman Declaration. In a speech in Paris in 1950 speech, the French Foreign Minister outlined his idea of a new form of political cooperation in Europe to do unthinkable a new war between European nations. Schuman’s proposal is considered the beginning of what is now the European Union and since then celebrations occur every May 9th.
Luxembourg’s National Day
The celebration dates back to the eighteenth century, when it was customary to celebrate the birthday of the sovereign. Under the long reign of Grand Duchess Charlotte, between 1919 and 1964, this celebration always took place in winter, on January 23, his birthday.
On December 23rd, 1961, a Grand-Ducal decree transferred the celebration to June 23, mainly for climatic reasons, as the “Day of the official celebration of the birthday of the Grand Duke”.