Grynspan during the presentation. / Photo: @CumbreIberoA
The Diplomat. 08/12/2017
The Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) presented last Wednesday in Antigua (Guatemala) the tenth edition of the Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America, which reveals that “no other region in the world generates south-south cooperation of this intensity and scope “.
The document was presented during the second Meeting of National Coordinators and those Responsible for Cooperation and within the framework of the Second Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ibero-America, which was attended by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Alfonso Dastis, and the Secretary of State for International Cooperation and for Ibero-America and the Caribbean, Fernando García Casas.
According to the report, Ibero-American countries participated in 1,475 South-South cooperation initiatives in 2015. Most south-south cooperation projects focused on the social sector, such as health or social policy services (33.5%), the productive sectors, such as agriculture or industry (31.1%), and the institutional strengthening and infrastructure and economic services such as energy (both 14.9%).
The social and productive sectors focused more than 64% of the 1,475 projects in the region in 2015
Likewise, 60% of the projects contributed to more than one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the 2030 Agenda: Agriculture and Food Security and Health and Welfare (SDG 2 and 3), Decent Work and Economic Growth and Industry and Innovation (SDGs 8 and 9) and Education and Inequality Reduction (SDGs 4 and 10).
The country that contributed the most projects was Argentina, followed by Mexico, Brazil, Chile and Cuba. At the other extreme, El Salvador was the most benefited country, followed by Bolivia, Argentina, Mexico, and Uruguay. The participation of Guatemala, host country of the meeting, has more than doubled, since it has gone from 70 to 155 initiatives between 2010 and 2017, an increase of 221%.
The success of south-south cooperation “allows us to move from the paradigm of assistance to the paradigm of cooperation”, said Ibero-American General Secretary Rebeca Grynspan during the presentation. “It’s not just about transferring resources, it’s about forming alliances”, she continued. That is “the future of cooperation throughout the world, and from Latin America we indicate the way forward”, she added.